Saree represents Indian culture and it is an integral part of Indian women clothing. Handloom Silk saree is an identifier of class and luxury item. India is the world’s second vast silk producer country and also largest silk exporter in worldwide. Silk industry is also among the oldest industries in India. Indian silk saree is most demand sarees throughout the world, it is basically made of pure silk. Silk is also spelled elite, paat, pattu and resham in various part of India.
Silk is mainly produced by the larvae of insects undergoing complete metamorphosis, but some insects such as web spinners and raspy crickets produce silk throughout their lives. Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. The best-known silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity (sericulture). The shimmering appearance of silk is due to the triangular prism-like structure of the silk fibre, which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles, thus producing different colors. Two most beautiful types of silk sarees in India are Kanjeevaram Sarees and Tussar Silk Saree.
Kanjeevaram sarees are woven from pure mulberry silk thread. To weave a Kanchipuram sari three shuttles are used. While the weaver works on the right side, his aide works on the left side shuttle. The border colour and design are usually quite different from the body. If the pallu (the hanging end of the sari) has to be woven in a different shade, it is first separately woven and then delicately joined to the Sari. The part where the body meets the pallu is often denoted by a zig zag line. In a genuine Kanchipuram Silk Sari, body and border are woven separately and then interlocked together. The joint is woven so strongly that even if the sarees tears, the border wills not detach. That differentiates the kanchivaram silk sarees from the others.
Tussar Silk is also known by its Sanskrit name 'Kosa Silk' and produced mainly in Jharkhand state of India. Tussar is valued for its rich texture and natural deep gold color.It is obtained from silk worms that do not breed on mulberry trees but breed on local trees like Sal, Arjun and Saja, and that is why they are also called as 'Wild Silk'. Tussar Silk is less expensive and durable as compared to cultivated silk because of its short fiber length.The precisely finished and designer garments produced from Tussar Silk are world famous and are exported to various countries worldwide including Europe, Gulf and the United States.
Characteristics of Tussar silk sarees are:
- It has rich coarse texture.
- It is light and airy.
- It gives a cool comfort feeling.
- It is delicate and stiff in nature.
- It has different natural shades.
Indian Handloom sarees unveil the beauty of Indian Heritage like no other handicrafts that are the backbone of our society. The oldest tradition, latest design and style which give stunning, gorgeous look in every grand occasion. So Silk Sarees are always a luxury for Indian women